Anterior CrucIATE Ligament (ACL) & Other Knee Ligaments Tear/Injury
Athletes who participate in high demand sports like dance, soccer, football, and basketball are more likely to injure their anterior cruciate ligaments. Each ACL injury is different and can range from a stretched ligament to a partial tear to a complete rupture. Equally so, each type of treatment is different, from structured recovery and rehabilitation to reconstruction surgery followed by rehabilitation.
In situations where a patient is active, such as a high school or college athlete, and would like to return to that active lifestyle after treatment, surgery to repair a partial or complete tear is likely the best option as this surgery has a long-term success rate of 82 to 95 percent.
There are four ligaments in the knee that are prone to injury:
- As mentioned above, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the two major ligaments in the knee. It connects the thighbone to the shinbone in the knee. ACL injuries are a common cause of disability to the knee.
- The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is the second major ligament in the knee connecting the thighbone to the shinbone in the knee.
- The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) connects the thighbone to the fibula, the smaller bone of the lower leg, which is found on the lateral or outer side of the knee.
- The medial collateral ligament (MCL) also connects the thighbone to the shinbone on the medial or inner side of the knee.
Knee Treatments & Surgery
- Platelet-Rich-Plasma (PRP) injection therapy
- Joint lubrication injection (Viscosupplementation)
- Knee arthroscopy
- Meniscus repair
- Osteoarticular transfer system (OATS)
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) Recontruction
- Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) Reconstruction
- Fixation of fractures (plates and screws)
- Osteotomy of the knee
- Partial knee replacement (MAKOplasty)
- Partial knee replacement (conventional)
- Total knee replacement
- Osteoarthritis of the knee
Conditions of the Knee
- Meniscus injury/tear
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) sprain/strain
- Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) sprain/strain
- Medial collateral ligament (MCL) sprain/strain
- Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) sprain/strain
- Jumper’s knee
- Housemaid’s knee
- Infra-patellar bursitis
- Patella dislocation
- Patella tendon rupture
- Quadripceps tendon rupture
- Articular cartilage injury
- Acute fat pad impingement
- Biceps femoris avulsion
- Tibiofibular joint dislocation
- Tibial plateau fracture
- Osteochondritis dissecans