Knee Pain & Injuries
The knee is one of the most complex joint and also the largest joint in our body. The knee joins the thigh bone (known as femur) to the shin bone (known as tibia). The smaller bone that runs alongside the tibia and the kneecap are the other bones that make the knee joint. There are ligaments and cartilages that join the knee bones to provide stability to the knee, they are known as:
– Anterior cruciate ligaments (ACL) & Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) – it prevents the femur from sliding backward or forward on the tibia.
– The Medial collateral ligaments (MCL) and Lateral collateral ligaments (LCL) prevent the femur from sliding side to side.
– Two C-shaped pieces of cartilage called the medial and lateral menisci act as shock absorbers between the femur and tibia.
Knee Pain Causes
There can be many causes of pain in your knee. The most reported causes are:
• Overuse due to sports or exercise
• Arthritis and degeneration
• Knee injury
Because people are very active in sports and exercise, the knee is constantly having to bend and stretch to meet our demands. Knee joint pain can be the result of this. Furthermore, if you have a knee injury, you can still feel pain from that even if years have gone by. See a specialist to determine if you have a knee injury.
Common Knee Pain Symptoms
Knee pain is very common in our society, and it has a variety of symptoms. Your knee is made
up of four parts: bone, ligaments, cartilage, and tendons. The following are the most common
symptoms of knee pain:
• Pain when pressure is placed on your knee
If it hurts you to walk, run, or climb stairs, and the pain is worsening or just not getting any
better, then you may have knee joint pain and you need to see a specialist.
Knee Pain Complications
You need to see a doctor and/or go to the emergency room if you are experiencing the
• You have a fever
• Area of the knee is red and warmth to touch
• You have unbearable pain
• You are unable walk properly
If you think you may have an infection, or you feel that your knee swelling and pain is not improving, it is advisable to see a doctor or orthopaedic specialist as soon as possible.
You may also read up different conditions of the knee to know more about their causes, symptoms and treatments.
Knee Treatments & Surgery
- Platelet-Rich-Plasma (PRP) injection therapy
- Joint lubrication injection (Viscosupplementation)
- Knee arthroscopy
- Meniscus repair
- Osteoarticular transfer system (OATS)
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) Recontruction
- Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) Reconstruction
- Fixation of fractures (plates and screws)
- Osteotomy of the knee
- Partial knee replacement (MAKOplasty)
- Partial knee replacement (conventional)
- Total knee replacement
Conditions of the Knee
- Meniscus injury/tear
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) sprain/strain
- Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) sprain/strain
- Medial collateral ligament (MCL) sprain/strain
- Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) sprain/strain
- Jumper’s knee
- Housemaid’s knee
- Infra-patellar bursitis
- Patella dislocation
- Patella tendon rupture
- Quadripceps tendon rupture
- Articular cartilage injury
- Acute fat pad impingement
- Biceps femoris avulsion
- Tibiofibular joint dislocation
- Tibial plateau fracture
- Osteochondritis dissecans
Our doctor provide consultation, treatment and surgery for sports injuries of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle.