Conditions of the Foot and Ankle
Sprained Ankle & Ligament Injury
Ankle sprains happens when the foot twists, rolls or turns beyond its normal motions. During physical activity, the ankle may twist inward as a result of sudden or unexpected movement or when the foot is planted unevenly on a surface, beyond the normal force of stepping. This causes the ligaments to stretch beyond their normal range in an abnormal position, sometimes, it may cause swelling, bruising or even a partial to complete tear of the ligament which is known as Anterior Talofibular Ligament (ATFL). Ankle sprains can happen to anyone from all walks of life.
An ankle sprain may also result in other damage to the structures. Such as connective tissues, tendons, muscles further up to the ankle or even to the bones (possible fractures).
Ankle Ligament Injury & Tear
Ligamentous injuries of the ankle are common among individuals who are active in sports such as football , basketball & running. Inversion injuries are one of the most common injuries among athletes. An inversion injury occurs when the ankle rolls outward and the foot turns inward. This stretches and tears the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) mostly. The calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) can also be damaged in motions where the foot is pointed down and rolled out. The posterior talofibular ligament (PTFL) injury is uncommon, except in association with a complete dislocation of the ankle.
Ligamentous injuries of the ankle are classified into the following 3 categories, depending on the extent of damage to the ligaments:
- Grade I is an injury with microscopic tears and instability.Mild pain and tenderness.
- Grade II is a partial tear. Mild to moderate joint instability may be present. Moderate pain and tenderness is present.
- Grade III is a complete tear. Inability to bear weight and joint instability.Severe pain, tenderness and sometimes swelling. (eg, anterior talofibular ligament tear
- Apply cold pack for 15-20 minutes, 3 -4 times daily.
- Wearing an ankle brace helps to immobilize and support your sprained ankle.
- Rest your ankle and elevate it.
- Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as arcoxia, helps to control the pain and reduces swelling.
- Physiotherapy exercises helps to prevent stiffness and increases the strength of your ankle.
- Platelet Rich Plasma Injection
Surgeries for ankle sprains is rare. However, if non- surgical treatments fail to respond to healing and if you still experience instability, surgery options may be advised. These options include, Arthroscopy and Reconstruction.
It is advised to seek professional medical advice from Dr Siow, who can provide an appropriate treatment plan for your recovery.
Our doctor provide consultation, treatment and surgery for sports injuries of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle.
- Same-day admission
- Wheelchair accessible
- X-Ray, CT/MRI scan available