One in every three people in Singapore suffer from a knee related problem. The fundamental reasons why the problems arise are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or post-traumatic arthritis. In the latter, there is usually an injury connected to the sensitive area, known as the cartilage. Patients complain of mild to severe pain when walking or moving and are treated with a partial knee replacement (where only a part of the damaged area is removed and treated) or a total knee replacement.
Depending on the severity, doctors recommend if the patients require a partial or total knee replacement. When the incision is made, the damaged knee parts are removed, and special plastic and metal components are placed. These metal and plastic components minimize the abrasion between the two bones and thus pain is basically diminished.
How Long Does It Take to Recover From a Knee Replacement?
The surgical procedures for partial and total knee replacement differ based on the incision made, which is small for the former. Therefore, the recovery time for partial knee replacement as compared to total knee replacement is usually less and the patient is kept in the hospital for one to three days, depending on the knee recovery and if the patient has no help at home.
For a complete recovery from knee replacement, a total of three months’ time is required. The patient can usually resume work in four to six weeks’ time. After only a day, the doctors recommend their patients to try to walk with aid so that there isn’t any clotting in the damaged area. But, for one to start walking normally and without aid, it usually takes three to four weeks. If patients closely follow their doctor’s instructions and regularly take the suggested medications, recovery can be sooner and long-lasting.
What Sports Activities Can I Do After Knee Replacement?
- Simple exercisingafter one resumes walking without aid and prosthetics, can further enhance the strength and healing of the knee.
- Along with this, physical therapyshould also be taken for at least four months after the surgery. Patients should avoid all sorts of high impact activities and the walk should also be gentle and steady. Adverse effects can certainly take place if the patient isn’t careful post-surgery and can even complicate matters.
- Cyclingis a high impact exercise that should not be resumed without a consent from the doctor or your physical therapist. And after this suggested time period and due recommendation, one can start slowly with lower resistance at first and then gradually add more resistance as your knee adjusts. If, however, any discomfort is felt, resistance should be lowered, and you ought to inform your doctor immediately. Cycling is a good exercise with many health benefits and is also a part of rehabilitation post-surgery.
- Other harder exercises like gym activitiesand doing squats may take some time as the patients builds up their strength to perform them, but for some it may altogether be impossible because most implants only allow the knee to bend between 100 to 120 degrees. So only sports activities can be resumed that allow the knee to bend between these angles.
The recovery time is different for everyone and depends on the amount of damage, age of the patient, and activity. A kneecap replacement surgery is a good option for those people who find that their daily lives are being hindered because of the pain in that area.
Read more about the knee treatments and surgeries offered here.